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Финансы: теория и практика/Finance: Theory and Practice

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Международные финансовые организации и их вклад в защиту климата

https://doi.org/10.26794/2587-5671-2020-25-4-6-23

Полный текст:

Аннотация

Цель настоящей статьи заключается в том, чтобы показать, каким образом международные финансовые организации (МФО) могут вносить вклад в проекты по защите климата. Принципы проектных циклов МФО разъясняются в контексте нового комбинирования инструментов финансирования. Сотрудничество с другими донорами занимает центральное место в финансировании проектов ЕС, а понятие «леверидж» позволяет количественно оценить эффект сотрудничества между различными донорами. Большая часть статьи посвящена описанию наиболее важных МФО и национальных банков развития, имеющих международную направленность: Зеленый климатический фонд (ЗКФ), Европейский инвестиционный банк (ЕИБ), Европейский банк реконструкции и развития (ЕБРР), Французское агентство развития (ФАР), Германский банк развития (KfW), Всемирный банк (ВБ), Азиатский банк развития (АБР) и Азиатский банк инфраструктурных инвестиций (АИИБ). Для данных МФО даны описания и определены их основные направления деятельности. Проиллюстрирована процедура подачи заявки («проектный цикл») и дан обзор их стратегий. Таким образом, в настоящей статье предпринята попытка дать практические рекомендации о том, как сотрудничать с МФО и направлять средства на осуществление значимых и ответственных климатических проектов. 

Об авторе

А. Ахамер
Институт экономической и социальной истории
Австрия

Гилберт Ахамер — доктор технических наук, Консультативный совет по глобальным исследованиям, Университет Граца, Институт экономической и социальной истории; Агентство по окружающей среде Австрии

Грац; Вена



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Для цитирования:


Ахамер А. Международные финансовые организации и их вклад в защиту климата. Финансы: теория и практика/Finance: Theory and Practice. 2021;25(4):6-23. https://doi.org/10.26794/2587-5671-2020-25-4-6-23

For citation:


Ahamer G. International Financial Institutions Ask to Contribute to Climate Protection. Finance: Theory and Practice. 2021;25(4):6-23. https://doi.org/10.26794/2587-5671-2020-25-4-6-23

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ISSN 2587-7089 (Online)